Monday, May 31, 2010

Selamat Hari Gawai Dayak :: Gayu Guru Gerai Nyamai



Selamat Ari Gawai kepada semua bala kaban bansa
dayak bisi bak blog tuk... pesan jako..

Selamat Ari Gawai,
Gayu Guru Gerai Nyamai, Idup Senang Lantang and Umbas Pemakai..



What is Gawai?

Gawai Day or Gawai Dayak is a festival celebrated in Sarawak on 1 June every year. It is both a religious and social occasion. The word Gawai means a ritual or festival whereas Dayak is a collective name for the native ethnic groups of Sarawak: Iban, Bidayuh, Kayan, Kenyah, Kelabit, and Lun Bawang among others. Thus, Gawai Dayak literally means “Dayak Festival”. Dayak would visit their friends and relatives on this day. Such visit is more commonly known as “ngabang” in the Iban language.

It started back in 1957 in a radio forum held by Mr Ian Kingsley, a radio programme organiser. This generated a lot of interest among the Dayak community.

The mode of celebration varies from place to place. Preparation starts early. Tuak (rice wine) is brewed (at least one month before the celebration) and traditional delicacies like penganan (cakes from rice flour, sugar and coconut milk) are prepared. As the big day approaches, everyone will be busy with general cleaning and preparing food and cakes. On Gawai Eve, glutinous rice is steamed in bamboo (ngelulun pulut). In the longhouse, new mats will be laid out on the ruai (an open gallery which runs through the entire length of the longhouse). The walls of most bilik (rooms) and the ruai are decorated with Pua Kumbu (traditional blankets). A visit to clean the graveyard is also conducted and offerings offered to the dead. After the visit it is important to bathe before entering the longhouse to ward off bad luck.

The celebration starts on the evening of 31 May. In most Iban longhouses, it starts with a ceremony called Muai Antu Rua (to cast away the spirit of greed), signifying the non-interference of the spirit of bad luck in the celebration. Two children or men each dragging a chapan (winnowing basket) will pass each family's room. Every family will throw some unwanted article into the basket. The unwanted articles will be tossed to the ground from the end of the longhouse for the spirit of bad luck.

Around 6 pm or as the sun sets, miring (offering ceremony) will take place. Before the ceremony, gendang rayah (ritual music) is performed. The Feast Chief thanks the gods for the good harvest, and asks for guidance, blessings and long life as he waves a cockerel over the offerings. He then sacrifices the cockerel and a little blood is used together with the offerings.

Once the offering ceremony is done, dinner is then served at the ruai. Just before midnight, a procession up and down the ruai seven times called Ngalu Petara (welcoming the spirit gods) is performed. During this procession, a beauty pageant to choose the festival's queen and king (Kumang & Keling Gawai) is sometimes conducted. Meanwhile, drinks, traditional cakes and delicacies are served.

At midnight, the gong is beaten to call the celebrants to attention. The longhouse Chief (tuai rumah) or Festival Chief will lead everyone to drink the Ai Pengayu (normally tuak for long life) and at the same time wish each other "gayu-guru, gerai-nyamai" (long life, health and prosperity). The celebration now turns merrier and less formal. Some will dance to the traditional music played, others will sing the pantun (poems). In urban areas, Dayaks will organise gatherings at community centres or restaurants to celebrate the evening.

Other activities that may follow the next few days include: cock-fighting matches, and blowpipe and ngajat competitions. On this day, 1 June, homes of the Dayaks are opened to visitors and guests.

Traditionally, when guests arrive at a longhouse, they are given the ai tiki as a welcome. From time to time, guests are served tuak. This would be called nyibur temuai which literally means "watering of guests".

Christian Dayaks normally attend a church mass service to thank God for the good harvest.

Gawai Dayak celebrations may last for several days. It is also during this time of year that many Dayak weddings take place, as it is one of the rare occasions when all the members of the community return home to their ancestral longhouse.

Up till 1962, the British colonial government refused to recognise Dayak Day. Gawai Dayak was formally gazetted on 25 September 1964 as a public holiday in place of Sarawak Day. It was first celebrated on 1 June 1965 and became a symbol of unity, aspiration and hope for the Dayak community. Today, it is an integral part of Dayak social life. It is a thanksgiving day marking good harvest and a time to plan for the new farming season or activities ahead.


Sunday, May 23, 2010

al-fatihah untuk ayah tersayang...



al-fatihah untuk ayah...

dikau tetap kekal dalam lipatan memori kami, di dalam hati kami

Friday, May 21, 2010

Most Romantic Things...


Watch the sunset together.


Whisper to each other.


Cook for each other.


Walk in the rain.


Hold hands.


Buy gifts for each other.


Roses.


Find out their favorite cologne/perfume and wear it every time you're together.


Go for a long walk down the beach at midnight.


Write poetry for each other


Hugs are the universal medicine.


Say I love you, only when you mean it and make sure they know you mean it.


Give random gifts of flowers/candy/poetry etc.


Tell her that she’s the only girl you ever want. Don't lie.


Spend every second possible together.


Look into each other's eyes.


Very lightly push up her chin, look into her eyes, tell her you love her, and kiss her lightly.


When in public, only flirt w/ each other.


Put love notes in their pockets when they aren't looking.


Buy her a ring.


Sing to each other.


Always hold her around her hips/sides.


Take her to dinner and do the dinner for two deal.


Spaghetti? (Ever see Lady and the Tramp?)


Hold her hand, stare into her eyes, kiss her hand and then put it over our heart.


Dance together.


Let your girl fall asleep with her head in your lap. (It looks real cute)


Do cute things like write I love you in a note so that they have to look in a mirror to read it.


Make excuses to call them every 5 minutes


Even if you are really busy doing something, go out of your way to call and say I love you.


Call from your vacation spot to tell them you were thinking about them.


Remember your dreams and tell her about them.


Always tell her how pretty she looks.


Tell each other your most sacred secrets/fears.


Wear same t-shirt.


Blow a bubbles together.


Hang out with! his/her friends.


Go shopping together.




Love yourself before you love anyone else.



Never forget to kiss goodnight. And always remember to say, "Sweet dreams."

Antara tanda lelaki dalam permasalahan..

Antara tanda seorang lelaki sedang dalam masalah antaranya :



1. andaikata selalu berpakaian kemas masa bekerja, tiba-tiba serabai sepanjang minggu

2. andaikata dia seorang yang gila kereta, keretanya tiba-tiba tidak bercuci dan bersepah di dalamnya tidak seperti selalunya

3. andaikata dia seorang yang tidak bermisai, tidak berjambang, dibiarkan bermisai atau berjambang kerana tidak ada masa untuk memikirkannya

4. andaikata mempunyai ikan / haiwan peliharaan, aquarium / kandang ternakan tidak terurus

5. andaikata mempunyai hobi, tiba-tiba mengabaikan hobi yang kebiasaan dilakukannya..

6. andaikata mempunyai kekasih, kurang atau lemah dalam komunikasi kerana fikiran masih menerawang jauh

7. andaikata dia seorang periang / penyakat, dia cepat tersinggung



my 5 cents...

and right now i'm @ no. 3!

Monday, May 17, 2010

Asal Usul Melayu Sarawak

Terdapat 3 asal-usul mengenai orang Melayu di Sarawak iaitu:-

1) Berasal dari Sumatera dan Tanah Melayu.

Suku kaum Melayu di Sarawak mendiami kawasan persisiran pantai. Mereka dipercayai berasal dari Sumatera (dan sesetengah sumber lain juga menyebut Semenanjung Tanah Melayu). Mereka mula datang ke Sarawak sejak kurun ke-15 Masihi lagi. Penempatan awal mereka adalah di Lidah Tanah iaitu kawasan di sekitar Sungai Sarawak (kini terletak di Bahagian Kuching).

Pada masa itu, suku kaum ini diketuai oleh seorang Putera Raja bernama Datuk Merpati Jepang. Orang Melayu beragama Islam dan menjalankan aktiviti ekonomi menangkap ikan di laut, bertani dan berniaga. Setelah mereka dijajah oleh Kesultanan Brunei pada kurun ke-16, keturunan Datuk Merpati Jepang terus dilantik sebagai pentadbir di sini dengan memakai gelaran Datuk. Akhirnya lahirlah jawatan-jawatan pentadbir seperti Datuk Patinggi (sebagai ketua menteri), Datuk Temenggung (menjaga keamanan dan keselamatan) dan Datuk Bandar (mengendalikan hal-hal perdagangan).

2) Keturunan Melayu Brunei (Kesultanan Brunei).

Menurut satu sumber yg lain, orang Melayu yang mendiami kawasan-kawasan yang berdekatan dengan Brunei seperti di Bahagian Miri adalah berasal dari keturunan Melayu Brunei. Keturunan golongan ini memakai gelaran Abang (bagi lelaki) dan Dayang (bagi perempuan) yang juga berfungsi sebagai nama keluarga (surname). Mereka mula masuk ke Sarawak setelah Sarawak dijajah oleh Kesultanan Brunei.

3) Berasal dari Bangsa Dayak yang memeluk Islam dan telah mengadaptasikan adat, kebudayaan dan cara hidup orang Melayu serta bahasa Melayu dalam kehidupan seharian.

Golongan ini merujuk kepada orang-orang Melayu yang menetap di bahagian lain di Sarawak. Nenek-moyang kepada golongan ini boleh dikatakan orang Dayak yang terasimilasi menjadi kaum Melayu secara rela setelah memeluk Islam.

Kewujudan golongan ini juga telah menyebabkan terciptanya bahasa Melayu loghat Sarawak. Seperti bahasa Melayu loghat Kelantan, bahasa Melayu loghat Sarawak agak sukar untuk difahami oleh penutur-penutur loghat Melayu yang lain kerana loghat tersebut banyak menyerap perkataan dan istilah dari bahasa Dayak khususnya Iban.

.. bersambung

Sunday, May 16, 2010

Selamat Hari Guru untuk para pendidik!



"Pahlawan tanpa tanda jasa” suatu ungkapan klasik untuk guru. Perjalanan guru penuh dengan liku dan cabaran. Tak ada siapa yang mampu untuk nafikan kecekalan hati para guru untuk mendidik anak bangsa.

Tanpa cikgu@guru atau apa sahaja gelaran yang diberikan, mungkin aku sik akan sampey ke tahap tok. Akhernya aku kedirik dapat merasakan bebanan yang dipikul oleh seorang guru.

Selamat Hari Guru untuk semua cikgu-cikgu, guru-guruku, pensyarah-pensyarahku di :
  • TABIKA Taman Tasek Tambahan, Ampang
  • SK Ampang Campuran, Ampang
  • SRB Mejar Jeneral Dato Ibrahim, Kuching
  • SMK Saribas, Debak
  • Kolej Tun Datu Patinggi Haji Bujang, Miri
  • MRSM Kuching, Kuching
  • Universiti Teknologi MARA



"Setiap perjalanan hidup manusia yang hebat, takkan tercipta tanpa sentuhan awal seorang guru..."



Selamat Hari Guru!

Video tok ku dedikasikan untuk aunty-aunty dan kazenku yang jua seorang guru...



Sekalung al-fatihah untuk Allahyarham Pathi bin Kihok. Genap 2 tahun kepergianmu.

Saturday, May 15, 2010

GM 2010

Dah hampir tamat intake tok, terlalu banyak pahit manis yang dilalui, yang paling penting saat genting dalam kerjayaku tersirat dalam intake tok....



Moga aku akan terus sukses dalam kehidupan dan jadi CIKGU yang mampu dikenang kerana curahan ILMU.



Tapi kadangkala. aku bertanya, adakah aku diingati kerana gelaran CIKGU ataukah kerana ILMU yang telah kucurahkan?

Hmm, aku pun sik tauk.

Bagaimana Serangan Jantung Boleh Terjadi?

Lewat ini, gejala penyakit tidak lagi mengenal usia. Kita yang sangkakan kita sohat sebenarnya punyai peluang 50-50 dalam menghidap apa2 penyakit. Arteri koronari adalah pembuluh darah yang mengelilingi jantung dan membawa di dalamnya darah yang kaya oksigen serta nutrien ke otot-otot jantung. Ini penting untuk jantung berfungsi dengan sempurna.

Dengan pembentukan plak di dinding dalam arteri akibat proses aterosklerosis (pengumpulan lemak atau kolesterol pada dinding dalam salur darah), ruang di dalam arteri menjadi sempit dan mengganggu perjalanan darah.

Sakit di dada (angina pectoris) berlaku apabila darah tidak sampai ke otot jantung ketika melakukan aktiviti cergas, tetapi kembali normal selepas berehat beberapa minit.

Bagaimanapun, plak berkenaan boleh menjadi tidak stabil dan pecah disebabkan faktor tertentu. Ini menghasilkan trombosis atau gumpalan darah beku.

Ia berlaku secara tiba-tiba dan menutupi seluruh arteri lalu menghalang perjalanan darah. Otot jantung yang terbabit akan mengalami kerosakan.

Cuba bayangkan sebatang sungai besar yang mengalir di sebuah ladang epal yang subur. Apabila aliran air sungai tersekat, pokok epal akan layu dan mati. Begitu juga yang berlaku pada otot-otot jantung.

Sel otot jantung ini akan mati akibat ketandusan darah. Fenomena yang berlaku dipanggil serangan jantung atau infarksi miokardium.



Apakah Bahaya Serangan Jantung?

Tahukah anda, penyakit kardiovaskular adalah pembunuh nombor satu di Malaysia dan kebanyakan negara di dunia?

Pernahkah anda terfikir, serangan jantung dan penyakit kardiovaskular adalah pembunuh nombor satu wanita – hampir 5 kali ganda lebih tinggi berbanding barah payudara?

Serangan jantung adalah penyebab utama kematian mengejut. Kejadian ini berlaku apabila jantung berhenti berdenyut secara tiba-tiba atau mengalami fibrilasi ventricular akibat kerosakan pada jantung.

Tahukah anda, lebih kurang 50% kematian akibat serangan jantung terjadi dalam masa satu jam dan hampir semuanya sebelum sempat tiba di hospital?

Bagi yang 'terselamat', segolongan besar mengalami penyakit lemah jantung atau kegagalan fungsi jantung akibat kerosakan teruk otot-otot jantung.

Ini dimanifestasikan dengan keadaan kaki yang mudah bengkak dan kesesakan nafas ketika rehat atau melakukan aktiviti.



Apakah Gejala Serangan Jantung?


Serangan jantung boleh berlaku secara tiba-tiba. Ia sering berlaku pada awal pagi ketika tidur, tetapi ia juga boleh terjadi pada bila-bila masa dan di mana saja, sama ada ketika melakukan aktiviti atau berehat.

Kira-kira 50% pesakit yang alami serangan jantung tidak mempunyai tanda awal. Bagi mereka, ini gejala pertama penyakit jantung koronari. Oleh itu, kita wajar mengetahui gejala serangan jantung iaitu :

* Sakit di dada. Jantung sebenarnya terletak di bahagian tengah dada dan bukan di kiri, tetapi sakit dialami sering membabitkan keseluruhan dada.

Ia seperti satu cengkaman kuat atau perasaan berat di dada. Ia kadangkala merebak ke bahagian atas dada hingga ke leher dan gusi atau ke tangan kiri atau kanan.

* Simptom berkaitan yang mungkin berlaku ketika sakit dada adalah kesesakan nafas, berpeluh yang sejuk, rasa lemah badan dan pening.

* Ada segolongan pesakit yang tidak mempunyai gejala klasikal seperti di atas. Ada yang hanya mengalami kesesakan nafas atau sakit di bahagian lain di badan.

Ada kes berlaku pesakit yang menghidap serangan jantung dihantar ke wad pembedahan kerana simptomnya yang ketara adalah sakit di perut.

Ada pula kes yang mana pesakit pergi ke doktor gigi terlebih dulu disebabkan sakit gusi, tanpa rasa sakit di dada.

* Ada pula yang tidak mengalami kesakitan di dada atau apa-apa simptom. Ini sering didapati pada pesakit yang mengidap diabetes.

Kadangkala sukar untuk tahu sama ada gejala dialami adalah disebabkan serangan jantung, terutama mereka yang tidak mengalami simptom klasikal.

Jika tidak pasti, segera ke hospital berdekatan. Usah bertangguh untuk menjalani pemeriksaan. Ingat, setiap masa sangat berharga dan jika dibiarkan, ia boleh merosakkan jantung dan mengorbankan nyawa.

Kembali...



Ya, kini aku kembali semula dalam dunia blog. Lamak menyepi bukan tegal apa, banyak gilak perkara yang polah aku langsung sekda masa untuk mengarang dalam alun nada Bahasa Sarawak yang terchenta tok.

Apa pun, ku harap kali tok, aku sikkan stop blogging sebab aku rasa terlalu banyak perkara yang terlintas difikiranku sekpat ku ekspressikan dalam bentuk penceritaan dan disokong dengan gambar2 yang boleh berikan kitak orang semua pengalaman baru.

Aku, nektok? Maseh macam biasa, masih gik bekerja dan masih juak belum berkahwin. Cuma ada beberapa perkara yang berubah disekeliling hidup tok, terasa rugi sik dikongsikan kepada dunia.

People come, people go, enemy become friend, friend become enemy, seuanya berlalu begitu pantas sampey kadang2 polah kita tetak sorang dirik ngenang perkara yang dah lepas. Apapun, aku akan teruskan blogging tok untuk peringatan tentang diriku, dan buat tatapan semua.

Selamat kembali berblog untuk diriku..

Salam!

Friday, May 7, 2010

Secret Beneath 16 Abbreviated Company

Dozens of companies use acronyms or initials in their names, but how well do you know what the abbreviated letters mean? Let’s take a look at the etymologies behind a few abbreviated company names.

1. CVS

Sorry, drugstore fans, there aren’t three fatcat pharmacists with these initials running around out there. When the pharmacy chain was founded in Lowell, MA in 1963, it was known as “Consumer Value Stores.” Over time the name became abbreviated to simply CVS.

2. K-Mart

Longtime five-and-dime mogul Sebastian S. Kresge opened his first larger store in Garden City, Michigan, in 1962. The store was named K-Mart after him. (Kresge had earned the right to have a store named for him; he opened up his new venture at the tender age of 94.)

3. IKEA

The Swedish furniture giant and noted charity takes its name from found Ingvar Kamprad’s initials conjoined with a the first initial of the farm where Kamprad grew up, Elmtaryd, and the parish he calls home, Agunnaryd.

4. JBL

The speaker company is named after its founder, James Bullough Lansing. But if Lansing had kept his original name, the company might have been called Martini Speakers. Lansing was born James Martini in 1902, but when he was 25, he changed his name to James Lansing at the suggestion of the woman who would become his wife. (The martini was already a popular cocktail at the time, and several of Lansing’s brothers had also changed their name by shortening it to Martin.)

5. BVD

The stalwart men’s underwear maker was originally founded by a group of New Yorkers named Bradley, Voorhees, and Day to make women’s bustles. Eventually the trio branched out into knitted union suits for men, and their wares became so popular that “BVDs” has become a generic term for any underwear.

6. DHL

In the late 1960s, Larry Hillblom was a broke student at the University of California, Berkeley’s law school, so to pick up a bit of extra cash, he would make courier runs from San Francisco to Los Angeles. Hillblom would often fly packages to LA on the night’s last flight then return to the Bay Area with more packages the following morning.

After he finished law school, he decided the courier business was the real racket for him, so he recruited his pals Adrian Dalsey and Robert Lynn to help him with the runs. Although they started out making their delivery trips in a single Plymouth Duster, the company quickly took off, and they named it after their respective last initials.

7. AT&T

No surprises here. The telecom giant sprang to life in 1885 as American Telephone and Telegraph, although it’s now legally known as just AT&T.

8. 3M

The conglomerate behind Post-It Notes gets its name from its roots as a company that mined stone to make grinding wheels. Since it was located in Two Harbors, MN, the company was known as Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing, which was later shortened to 3M.

9. H&M



The beloved clothing store began in Sweden in 1947. Founder Erling Persson was only selling women’s duds, so he called the store Hennes—Swedish for “hers.” Twenty-one years later, he bought up a hunting supplier called Mauritz Widforss. After the acquisition, Persson branched out into men’s clothing and began calling the store Hennes and Mauritz, which eventually became shortened to H&M.

10. A&W Root Beer

Roy Allen opened his first root beer stand in Lodi, CA, in the summer of 1919, and quickly began expanding to the surrounding areas. Within a year he had partnered with Frank Wright, and the pair christened their flagship product “A&W Root Beer.”

11. GEICO

The adorable gecko’s employer is more formally known as the Government Employees Insurance Company. Although GEICO has always been a private, standalone company, its name reflects its original purpose: Leo Goodwin founded the company in 1936 to sell insurance directly to employees of the federal government.

12. YKK

The initials you see on darn near every zipper you own stand for Yoshida Kōgyō Kabushikigaisha, which translates into “Yoshida Manufacturing Corporation.” The company is named after Tadao Yoshida, who started the zipper concern in Tokyo in 1934.

13. P.F. Chang’s

If you go looking for Mr. P.F. Chang, you’ll be in for a long search. The Asian dining chain’s name is actually a composite of the founding restaurateur Paul Fleming’s initials and a simplification of founding chef Philip Chiang’s last name.

14. BJ’s Wholesale Club

The bulk retailer is named after Beverly Jean Weich, whose father, Mervyn, helped found the chain as a spinoff from discount retailer Zayre in 1983.

15. ING Group

The banking giant’s name is an abbreviation of Internationale Nederlanden Groep, or “International Netherlands Group,” a nod to the company’s dutch origins and headquarters. The company’s heavy use of the color orange in its buildings and promotion is also a shoutout to the Netherlands; orange is the color of the Dutch royal family dating all the way back to William of Orange.

16. H&R Block

Brothers Henry and Richard Bloch founding the tax preparation firm in Kansas City in 1955. Their only problem was their last name. The brothers worried that people would mispronounce their surname as “blotch,” hardly a term you want associated with your tax return. They decided to sidestep this problem by spelling the company’s name “Block” instead, so that nobody would miss the solid hard “k” sound.


Source : http://blogs.static.mentalfloss.com

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